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In recent years, the field of genetics has witnessed a revolutionary transformation that has had an enormous impact on the field of healthcare. Genetic tests, once limited to laboratory studies, have become important tools that provide valuable information about our genetics and of our fetus.

Today, we will tell you a bit about of genetic tests and the important information that various genetic studies provide.

How are genetic tests processed?

Genetic tests can provide information on an individual’s and embryo’s susceptibility to certain diseases, allowing for proactive health management. For example, tests can assess the risk of diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and neurodegenerative disorders.

In the process of in vitro fertilization, genetic tests ensure an increase in the success rate and minimize the risks related to the health and development of the fetus.

The main genetic tests we use at Invitro Life are: Preimplantation Genetic Test for Aneuploidy (PGT-A), Karyotyping, Endometrial Reception (ERA), Non-Invasive Prenatal Test (NIPT).

What is Preimplantation Genetic Testing for Aneuploidy (PGT-A)?

PGT-A testing can detect numerical chromosomal abnormalities, allowing embryologists to select the healthiest embryos for transfer into the uterus.

Consequently, the risk of genetic abnormalities is reduced to a minimum.

PGT-A allows us to protect women from emotional stress and reduce the risks of miscarriage.

What is Karyotyping?

Karyotyping is a cytogenetic study that allows us to identify structural and quantitative abnormalities of chromosomes.

This test is used to diagnose genetic disorders, investigate the causes of miscarriage or stillbirth, assess cancer and genetic susceptibility.

In a karyotyping test, cells—usually taken from a blood sample—are cultured and used to stop the cells from dividing at a specific stage. Next, the chromosomes are observed under a microscope to assess their structure, size, and arrangement. Any abnormalities such as missing or extra chromosomes, translocations, or large-scale deletions can be detected through this analysis.

What is Endometrial Reception (ERA)?

Endometrial receptivity (ERA) test is the same as “endometrial receptivity analysis”, which can determine the receptivity of the mucous membrane in the uterine cavity for embryo implantation, that is, determine the most optimal period for transferring embryos to the so-called “implantation window”.

ERA is used in patients who have had several unsuccessful attempts to transfer good quality embryos and significantly increases the chances of a successful pregnancy.

What is a Non-invasive prenatal test (NIPT)?

The non-invasive prenatal test, or NIPT, is a safe and highly accurate screening test that can assess the risk of certain chromosomal abnormalities in the developing fetus.

During pregnancy, a small amount of fetal DNA enters the mother’s blood. NIPT analyzes cell-free DNA to detect chromosomal abnormalities, mainly trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), and trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome). It can also screen for certain sex chromosome disorders, such as Turner syndrome and Klinefelter syndrome.

The main benefits of NIPT are accuracy, non-invasiveness and safety of the procedure, identification of chromosomal abnormalities at an early stage.

Detailed information about genetic tests can be found visiting a link.

For more info of genetic tests, contact us and book an appointment with a reproductive specialist. Your doctor will schedule the genetic testing you need and make an individual treatment plan.

Contact us – 032 280 12 12 or visit us at 9 Tsinandli St., Tbilisi, Georgia.

Invitro life – By your side on every step of the way!